With its 1 770 000 inhabitants the Poitou Charentes region represents 3% of the population of France. Since the national census of 1999 the population of the region has increased by 5%. This is due to net migration which has balanced out the birth and death rate.

In the Poitou Charentes region the proportion of under 20s is lower than the rest of France. The same can be said for the 20-64 age group. However the over 65 group is has a higher proportion for both sexes.

In 2016 in Poitou Charentes life expectancy reached 84.5 years old for women and 77.3 years old for men, which is an increase of 2.7 and 3.1 years compared to 1990.

Between 1996 and 2007 the average birth rate in Poitou Charentes was 18 000 births per annum. Throughout this period the birth rate remained stable with an average of 10 to 11 births per 1000 inhabitants even though the fertility rate slightly increased from 45 to 47 births per 100 women with a maximum of 50 in 2006. This rate is lower than the national rate which increased from 49 to 55 births over the same period.

Between 1980 and 2006 the global death rate decreased in the region as in the rest of France. This applied to all causes of death. However the drop was lower in Poitou Charentes (6%) than on a national level (15%)

In the regions four classes of pathologies account for 72% of deaths over the 2005-2007 period:

  • Tumours (30% of deaths)
  • Cardiovascular diseases (29%)
  • Violent and accidental deaths(7%)
  • Respiratory diseases (6%)

These are the principle medical causes of death which vary according to age and sex.

Poitiers University Hospital is a regionally recognized care providing establishment. Its missions are supported by a regional health organization scheme whose main priorities are:

  • A better assessment of healthcare needs
  • A greater consideration of territorial healthcare
  • Closer links between institutions, professionals, elected officials and patients
  • Putting these priniciples into action within each healthcare area.

Source : “Panorama de la santé Poitou-Charentes 2010” – Observatoire régional de la santé (ORS) – Poitou-Charentes et Insee.


Poitiers University Hospital has a capacity of 1900 beds throughout three sites, the main “milétrie” site in Poitiers, Lusignan and Montmorillon.

Poitiers University hospital, a local healthcare provider

Poitiers University Hospital provides the necessary local healthcare to the 142 000 inhabitants of the urban community of Poitiers. A complete chain of care is provided; short stays and long term care, out-patient after care and rehabilitation.

Poitiers University hospital, a regional healthcare provider and centre of expertise

Poitiers University Hospital also has a more widespread regional mission benefiting the 450 000 inhabitants of the Vienne department and a regional population of 1.8 million in Poitou Charentes particularly in cardiology, oncology, geriatrics, neurosurgery, pediatrics, medical biology and medical imaging.

Interregional projects are also in place concerning these main activities in partnership with other University Hospitals in the “great west” region of France.

The 2013-2017 institutional project highlights the hospital’s committal to excellence through the existence of clinical centres with the potential to respond to public health issues, therapeutic innovation, fundamental and clinical research.

The completion of the construction of the neuro-cardio-vascular building is near and will allow the hospital to achieve the highest quality of care in related pathologies.

Poitiers University hospital is currently developing several innovations in diagnosis and therapy:

  • Interventional and surgical cardiology
  • Brachytherapy in the treatment of prostate cancer
  • Treatment of aortic aneurysms by stent
  • Deep brain neurostimulation in Parkinsons disease
  • Neuronavigation in brain surgery, orthopedics traumatology and ENT
  • Stereotactic and conformal radiation therapy

In 2010 Poitiers University Hospital inaugurated its first latest generation “integrated operating theatre”. An integrated operating theatre is designed to meet new challenges in healthcare and medical practice. It allows the implementation of new methods in the care of patients and provides the surgical teams with ideal levels of technical efficiency and security.

In May of the same year Poitiers University Hospital also opened the regional centre for allergies on the Milétrie site with the objective of creating a single platform totally dedicated to allergies bringing together all actors concerned for a complete offer of care for the patients.

In 2010 Poitiers University Hospital also doubled the capacity of the ambulatory (outpatient) surgery unit from 15 to 30 places.

In May 2011 geriatric care was moved from the Louis Pasteur Site to the Milétrie site, thus turning a page in history. The Louis Pasteur site abandoned its status as a hospital to become an ordinary neighbourhood in the heart of the town. This reorganization of the geriatric care system led to the creation of a dedicated centre in early 2011. It is a referral centre for the hospital and contains all geriatric short stay units, follow up care and long term care on one site.

The centre is in a prime location as it is in close proximity to the technical and medical facilities of the hospital in three buildings known as Maurice Salles, Camille Claudel and Aristide Maillol. The last building has a capacity of 141 beds exclusively used for hospital dependant patients and those suffering from Alzheimer’s or neurodegenerative diseases.

A unit dedicated to care and information of deaf patients also opened in 2011 whose main priorities are direct access to care and an optimal level of communication with deaf patients. Thanks to this unit deaf patients now benefit from clear communication before, after and during their appointment or hospitalization. The healthcare team work alongside à sign language translator. The exchanges allow the patients to be fully informed of any therapeutic decisions and ensures that consent is given in full knowledge.

Later in 2011 a new 3 tesla MRI was instated. Previously used only in research, it is now used clinically. 3 Tesla imaging significantly improves the clarity of images and the speed of scans.

This level of efficiency is particularly useful for:

  • Diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases (Alzheimer, multiple sclerosis)
  • Early diagnosis of ischemic vascular accidents
  • Functional imagery of brain activity
  • Management of brain tumours
  • Spectroscopy
  • Tractography

Alongside these uses the MRI will also be used in clinical and fundamental research.

In November 2012 Poitiers University Hospital opened its new pharmacy on the Milétrie site. Its main purpose is to ensure quality, traceability and quality of dispensed pharmaceutical products with a new organization of professionals with close links to healthcare departments. Each department of the hospital has its designated pharmacist who meets the needs of the healthcare team. The new more dynamic mechanized (or partly automatic) storage, preparation and distribution equipment improve the ergonomics of workstations.

In September 2014 the new family accommodation unit ( maison des familles)opened its doors on the Milétrie site. Because it can happen to anyone and because money should not be an object when it comes to being near your child or spouse when they are in hospital, this funded organization has been welcoming families since 1997 who live far from Poitiers and wish to be near their child, spouse, family member or friend during their hospital stay. The new house has 29 rooms or studio flats which are available 7 days a week. Everything is provided to make links with the healthcare units stronger and to offer comfort and support during difficult times.